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          Monday, 10 December 2018
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Compensation to violent crime victims



Implementing the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Compensation for Damage Caused by Violent Crime, the Ministry of Justice accepts and analyses applications for compensation for damage caused by violent crime.

COMPENSATION OF DAMAGE CAUSED BY VIOLENT CRIMES

The Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Compensation of Damage Caused by Violent Crimes, the new wording of which came into force on 1 March 2009 (Official Gazette, 2005, No. 85-3140, Official Gazette, 2008, No. 137-5387), establishes the cases where the State compensates for material and non-material damage caused by violent crimes, the maximum amounts of material and non-material damage to be compensated, and the procedure for compensation of such damage.

WHAT IS A VIOLENT CRIME?

Violent crime is an act having the features of a crime provided for in the Criminal Code, which caused intentional deprivation of victim’s life, intentional serious or non-serious health impairment, or an act having the features of a less serious, serious or grave crime against the individual’s freedom, freedom of sexual self-determination, or immunity. An act having the features of a crime provided for in the Criminal Code, which caused physical pain, minor injury or short-term illness, is not a violent crime.

WHO IS ENTITLED TO COMPENSATION?

The right to compensation of material and/or non-material damage caused by violent crimes after the completion of the criminal proceedings (after the entry into force of the judgement of conviction) is enjoyed by victims who were awarded by the court material and/or non-material damage caused by a violent crime, or whose agreement regarding the compensation or rectification of damage was approved by the court. In this case, damage is compensated to a victim, who was awarded the compensation of material and/or non-material damage under an effective judgement or decision of the court.

In case the criminal proceedings have not been completed yet, material and/or non-material damage may be compensated in advance. The following persons are entitled to compensation of material and/or non-material damage caused by violent crimes:
  1. victims of violent crimes;
  2. spouses, children, adoptees, parents, adoptive parents, and dependants of victims whose life was deprived by violent crime.
Dependants mean the victim’s minor children, adoptees, a spouse, parents who are fully or partially unable to work, or other de facto dependants who are fully or partially unable to work, who were dependent upon the victim or entitled to maintenance on the date of the victim’s death, as well as a child born after the victim’s death.
In addition, persons who received the total amount of damage reimbursed/compensated and recovered to them under a previous decision of the Ministry of Justice, which is below the maximum amounts set in the new wording of the Law on Compensation of Damage Caused by Violent Crimes, provided that other conditions necessary for compensation of damage under the Law have been established, are also entitled to compensation of material and/or non-material damage.
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